This round is no longer accepting investments, but hundreds just like it are live now.

Log In


Automating Deliveries in Residential Buildings with Fully Automated Indoor Robots and MicroHubs

Earth Robotics is a pre-revenue company automating Food Delivery inside Residential Buildings with breakthrough, fully automated robotic technology and the Off-site urban Logistics Centers (MicroHub) for parcels. Our patented robotic system is complete, and we successfully launched our first pilot robot.

This Reg CF offering is made available through StartEngine Capital, LLC. This investment is speculative, illiquid, and involves a high degree of risk, including the possible loss of your entire investment.

$126,827.39 Raised


We have already successfully tested our pilot robotic system, with a signed contract for another building and signed LOIs (Letters of Intent) for 20 more.*

According to our research, we are the only ones with the intellectual property, patents, and proprietary hardware to provide truly autonomous delivery to the $1.2 billion robotic delivery market.**

Our team has nearly two decades of combined experience in the technology and robotics industry, with multiple previous companies sold for millions of dollars.

*Please note that LOIs are not an official offer, are non-binding, and that all details would need to be negotiated and executed through a formal Purchase (or other) Agreement.

**Information from PR Newswire & Data Bridge Market Research (Source | Source)

the pitch

Our robot system provides a 100% autonomous solution to last-mile package delivery inside of condo buildings. The delivery person simply delivers the package directly to the robot, and then our robot transports the package directly to the correct user’s door. For purchases from Amazon or similar companies, we use the MicroHubs to hold packages until the person decides when they want them delivered. We have completed the development of our patented technology. With signed LOIs for 20 buildings already in place, we are ready to bring efficiency and automation to the delivery market.

*Please note that LOIs are not an official offer, are non-binding, and that all details would need to be negotiated and executed through a formal Purchase (or other) Agreement.


Fully Automating the Last 500 Feet of Delivery

*The above is a rendering of a future product that is not yet available on the market.

At Earth Robotics, we believe autonomous mobility technology can dramatically improve city living. We are reducing overflow packages, employee frustration, and resident dissatisfaction for condo buildings with a fully automated robotic system for the last 500 feet of deliveries. We have spent the past two years perfecting our patented technology. With the success of our recent test pilot, we are ready to raise funds to develop our go-to-market strategy.  

*The above is a rendering of a future product that is not yet available on the market.

The Problem & Our solution

Harnessing Robotics for More Efficient, Economical Deliveries

Condo buildings are overwhelmed with an average 300+ daily package deliveries and 120+ daily food deliveries. Their systems still rely on manual package processing, leading to lost deliveries, cold food, package overflow, overworked employees, unhappy residents, and high costs.

Our robotic delivery system and Microhubs (nearby local logistics delivery centers) fully automate both shipping packages and food deliveries, reducing expenses, lost packages, and overflow for buildings. Our robots have an exceptional human interface, even communicating through emojis to build friendly relationships with users. We plan to generate monthly revenue through a robot as a service (RaaS) subscription model. 

Our Solution

*The above is a prototype being tested in our customer's building. Shown above is a pre-market prototype that is not currently available on the market.

*The product shown is a pre-market prototype.

The Convenient, Reliable, and Cost-Effective Solution for Residential Deliveries

Residents can easily pick up their deliveries without having to travel far, and this reduces the risk of lost or damaged packages.

the market & Our Traction

Proven, Patented Technology in a Major Untapped Market

Robot indoor delivery as a service represents a $1.2 billion market opportunity (Source | Source). According to our research, we are the first company to automate the last 500 feet of delivery. While other companies have partially autonomous (L3) delivery robots, ours does not require a person to be automated (L5).

Business Model B2B/B2C

*The information included above is forward looking information. Please refer to our risk factors section in our Form C and to our Forward Looking Information Legend included in our Terms section on this page.

There is a growing demand for residential delivery solutions with e-commerce sales projected to reach over $7 trillion by 2025 (Source). The problem of overflowing packages and lost deliveries in residential buildings is only going to get worse. Our solution offers a cost-effective and efficient solution to this problem, providing residents the best alternative for their deliveries and reducing the burden on building management. 

The market for Earth Robotics is growing and building management eager for a solution to the package delivery problem.

Be part of Earth Robotics and tap into a growing demand for residential delivery solutions.

The Vast Potential Market for Microhub and Robots for Residential Buildings

*The product shown is a pre-market prototype.

We have completed and patented technology for our entire robotic ecosystem, including the robot, kiosk, residents app, communication, elevator control system, cloud platform, and central receiver. We recently launched a successful pilot residential building, and now we have one additional contract in place and signed LOIs for 20 more buildings. 

*Please note that LOIs are not an official offer, are non-binding, and that all details would need to be negotiated and executed through a formal Purchase (or other) Agreement.

*The above is a computer-generated demo version of a future product. The product is not yet available on the market.

*The above is a prototype being tested in our customer's building. Shown above is a pre-market prototype that is not currently available on the market.

Why Invest

Automating the Future of Package Delivery

Earth Robotics is a technology-driven company.

Their expertise in autonomous robotics is reflected in their product line's development, which includes fully autonomous indoor robots and semi-autonomous logistic centers like Microhub.

Autonomous technology not only improves the efficiency and reliability of its products but also positions Earth Robotics as a leader in the residential buildings solution market. With a focus on developing cutting-edge technology in-house, Earth Robotics is well-positioned to meet the market's evolving needs and provide innovative solutions for its customers.

We envision a new standard for vertical living powered by efficient, fully automated robotic ecosystems. We believe we have created an exceptional robot-human interface that will please residents while creating a major logistical solution for building management.

*The above is a prototype being tested in our customer's building. Shown above is a pre-market prototype that is not currently available on the market.

Now is the opportunity to join us and invest in the future, not only for the delivery service, but also in the technology that will improve the way we live.

Invest in Earth Robotics today.


6355 NW 36TH ST STE 307

Earth Robotics is a pre-revenue company automating Food Delivery inside Residential Buildings with breakthrough, fully automated robotic technology and the Off-site urban Logistics Centers (MicroHub) for parcels. Our patented robotic system is complete, and we successfully launched our first pilot robot.


Ismael Emacha
Ismael Emacha
Board Member, Director, CEO

Ismael is the CEO of Earth Robotics, where he works 70 hours a week. He has over 15 years of experience managing highly efficient teams and strategic decisions, 8 years in Industrial and Interface Design, 4 years of experience in robotics concept engineering, and 10 years of experience in Software Development methodologies. Emacha has a proven track record of success in developing and commercializing innovative products, with over 10 successful products under his belt. His prior company was also sold for millions, showcasing his business acumen and entrepreneurial spirit. This experience, combined with his passion for robotics and technology, has led him to found Earth Robotics, a company poised for success in the fast-growing robotics industry.

Amir Emacha
Amir Emacha
Board Member, Director and COO

With over 10 years of experience in sales and personal management, I have founded and led multiple successful companies, including Bemart Store, The Nerds Co, and Ohrangutang Studio. In 2015, my brother and I developed the Bemart Phone, which produced and sold over 200,000 units in Latin America, generating $23 million in sales in just one year. In 2017, I sold Bemart to a private company in the industry.

In 2016, I ventured into software development with The Nerds Co and successfully positioned the company as a leading software company in South Florida. These projects have equipped me with the knowledge and tools to manage Earth Robotics' business operations.

As COO of Earth Robotics, I am committed to driving growth and profitability through strategic planning, efficient operations, and strong team leadership. I work full-time, dedicating more than 60 hours weekly to ensuring that the company meets its goals and exceeds expectations.

Mirja Nissen

Mirja Nissen

Logistic and e-Commerice Advisor

Mirja Nissen is a seasoned professional in the transport and logistics industry with 25 years of experience. She started her career at Lufthansa German Airlines and held various management positions in Chicago's Cargo division and Miami's regional sales office. She later worked in freight forwarding, managing trade lanes and business development. She spent 5 years at DHL eCommerce in charge of cross-border lane development and customs clearance. As the Managing Director of eCommerce at WCA Ltd, she developed the company’s eCommerce network. As the Director of eCommerce Solutions for IBC Inc, she oversaw the development of logistics solutions for US shippers. Mirja holds an MBA from HULT International Business School and a master’s degree in International Logistics & Supply Chain Strategy from Georgia Institute of Technology. 

Mirja Nissen works 10 hours per week on Earth Robotics

Charles Riggle

Charles Riggle

Innovation/Robotics Advisor

Over 20 Year experience in business strategist and tech marketer who positions companies as industry leaders.

Named business owner of $100M Expedience (following acquisition of NextNet) broadband wireless access platform. Responsible for marketing, sales, product management and business development

Responsible for building the WiMAX and LTE in Motorola

Technical expertise is centered around digital transformation, wireless communications systems, cloud, machine learning, analytics and the products and software applications that use them

Charles Riggle works 10 hours per week on Earth Robotics

Julio Zaguini

Julio Zaguini

Marketing/Robotics Advisor

With a degree in business administration, a post-graduation in international relations and an MBA degree, Julio started working in marketing at Quaker Oats Co. in the early 1990s. Between 2004 and 2008, he was the marketing director for Carrefour in Brazil. In 2008, he moved to Google Brazil to take over the leadership of its retail business unit. In this role, he and his team fostered the most relevant digital initiatives in the country during the period. In 2011, Zaguini took the lead of Google's commercial operation for advertising agencies in Latin America. evangelist at Google's Silicon Valley headquarters, since July 2017 he has been dedicated to supporting the building of new technology businesses in the Americas. 

Among other projects, he is investor and #1 executive of the Brazilian operation of Botmaker, a successful platform for conversational robots adopted by clients in more than 35 countries.

Julio Zaguini works 10 hours per week on Earth Robotics

Victoria Guerrero

Victoria Guerrero

Business Advisor

Over 25 years of experience leading, managing and transforming both private sector corporations and public sector entities. Her transformational leadership, business management skills and ability to change business cultures while leading its growth initiatives has allotted her the opportunity to positively impact businesses and communities alike. 

Led one of the highest job creation districts in the nation for the Small Business Administration while strengthening the state’s small business communities 

Developed and led strategic cross functional teams for global fortune 500 companies while championing their growth and organizational development strategies

Featured as one of 50 Mujeres Poderosas (Powerful Women) in Diario Las Americas’ 68th Anniversary Magazine

Victoria Guerrero works 10 hours per week on Earth Robotics

Bruno Quatrini

Bruno Quatrini

Capital Analyst/Advisor

Over 8 Years experience in Capital Analyst and geared toward reducing systemic company-wide risk.

Bruno is a Capital Q® Founder and Executive Vice President & Senior Investment Analyst who brings his distinctive quantitative analytical skills to Capital Q Ventures, where he manages the embedded Tri-Party Venture Fund® analyst teams, assisting our Venture Partners Sponsors. Immediately prior to joining Capital Q, Bruno was an Analyst with FS Investments (formerly Franklin Square Capital Partners) one of the leading asset management firms providing access to alternative investments and a key source of income and growth capital returns for institutional investors.

DeMeakey Williams

DeMeakey Williams

Business Advisor

Over 10 Year experience in expanding key markets and developing winning business strategies into areas of aerospace technology, safety, security, and defense systems. As a business-to-business (B2B) results-driven leader, advisor and a Master of Strategic relationship building, global revenue generation, organizational development, cultivating strategic vision, and developing talent that drives multimillion-dollar growth in diverse markets.

DeMeakey Williams works 10 hours per week on Earth Robotics.

Ezequiel Zamora

Ezequiel Zamora

Planning Process Advisor

Over 15 Year experience in planning process and maintain robust short and medium term forecasts for a particular line of the commercial client business.

Senior Advisor, Demand Planning at Dell Technologies,Strategy, Operations & Marketing Executive with a demonstrated history of working in the security and technology industries. Skilled in Negotiation, Business Planning, Marketing Strategy, Analytical Skills, Financial Modeling, and Sales. He is considered a strong development professional with a focus on Marketing and Strategy. 


Earth Robotics
Jul 7, 2023
$15k - $1.23M
Common Stock
Common Stock

Maximum Number of Shares Offered subject to adjustment for bonus shares

Most Recent Fiscal Year-End

Prior Fiscal Year-End

Total Assets



Cash & Cash Equivalents



Accounts Receivable



Short-Term Debt



Long-Term Debt



Revenue & Sales



Costs of Goods Sold



Taxes Paid



Net Income



*Maximum Number of Shares Offered subject to adjustment for bonus shares. See Bonus info below.

Voting Rights of Securities Sold in this Offering

Voting Proxy. Each Subscriber shall appoint the Chief Executive Officer of the Company (the “CEO”), or his or her successor, as the Subscriber’s true and lawful proxy and attorney, with the power to act alone and with full power of substitution, to, consistent with this instrument and on behalf of the Subscriber, (i) vote all Securities, (ii) give and receive notices and communications, (iii) execute any instrument or document that the CEO determines is necessary or appropriate in the exercise of its authority under this instrument, and (iv) take all actions necessary or appropriate in the judgment of the CEO for the accomplishment of the foregoing. The proxy and power granted by the Subscriber pursuant to this Section are coupled with an interest. Such proxy and power will be irrevocable. The proxy and power, so long as the Subscriber is an individual, will survive the death, incompetency and disability of the Subscriber and, so long as the Subscriber is an entity, will survive the merger or reorganization of the Subscriber or any other entity holding the Securities. However, the Proxy will terminate upon the closing of a firm-commitment underwritten public offering pursuant to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933 covering the offer and sale of Common Stock or the effectiveness of a registration statement under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 covering the Common Stock.

Time-Based Perks

Friends and Family - First 72 hours | 15% bonus shares

Super Early Bird - Next 72 hours | 10% bonus shares

Early Bird Bonus - Next 7 days | 5% bonus shares

Volume-Based Perks

Tier 1 Perk — Invest $500 + earthrobotics t-shirt

Tier 2 Perk —Invest $1,000 + t-shirt + Exclusive earthrobotics welcome kit 

Tier 3 Perk — Invest $1,500+ and Receive 2% Bonus Shares + t-shirt + Exclusive earthrobotics welcome kit

Tier 4 Perk — Invest $2,500+ and Receive 3% Bonus Shares + t-shirt + Exclusive earthrobotics welcome kit

Tier 5 Perk — Invest $5,000+ and Receive 5% Bonus Shares + t-shirt + Exclusive earthrobotics welcome kit

Tier 6 Perk — Invest $10,000+ and Receive 10% Bonus Shares + 30min one o one call with Founders + t-shirt + Exclusive earthrobotics welcome kit

Tier 7 Perk — Invest $20,000+ and Receive 15% Bonus Shares + 1hr call with the Founders + t-shirt + Exclusive earthrobotics welcome kit

*In order to receive perks from an investment, one must submit a single investment in the same offering that meets the minimum perk requirement. Bonus shares from perks will not be granted if an investor submits multiple investments that, when combined, meet the perk requirement. All perks occur when the offering is completed.

The 10% StartEngine Owners' Bonus

Earth Robotics, Inc. will offer 10% additional bonus shares for all investments that are committed by investors that are eligible for the StartEngine Crowdfunding Inc. OWNer's bonus.

This means eligible StartEngine shareholders will receive a 10% bonus for any shares they purchase in this offering. For example, if you buy 100 shares of Common Stock at $2.35 / share, you will receive 110 shares of Common Stock, meaning you'll own 110 shares for $235. Fractional shares will not be distributed and share bonuses will be determined by rounding down to the nearest whole share.

This 10% Bonus is only valid during the investor's eligibility period. Investors eligible for this bonus will also have priority if they are on a waitlist to invest and the company surpasses its maximum funding goal. They will have the first opportunity to invest should room in the offering become available if prior investments are canceled or fail.

Investors will receive the highest single bonus they are eligible for among the bonuses based on the amount invested and time of offering elapsed (if any). Eligible investors will also receive the Owner’s Bonus in addition to the aforementioned bonus.

Irregular Use of Proceeds

The Company might incur Irregular Use of Proceeds that may include but are not limited to the following over $10,000: Vendor payments. Salary payments made to one’s self, a friend or relative. Any expense labeled “Administrative Expenses” not strictly for administrative purposes.


Article Image

Smart "final meters" are the last piece in the autonomous delivery puzzle.

Article Image
MakerBot Industries LLC

Engineering An Autonomous Robot Startup with 3D Printing: Earth Robotics is a startup developing the next generation of delivery robots coming to a residential building or office near you.

Article Image

A Peek Into the Future of Package Delivery with Earth Robotics


Owners bonus
Stack Owner's Bonus & Rewards!

Members get an extra 10% shares in addition to rewards below!


Multiple investments in an offering cannot be combined to qualify for a larger campaign perk. Get rewarded for investing more into Earth Robotics.



Iain Alexander

6 months ago

This is a smart market to focus on - is there anyone else covering in-building deliveries? A couple of thoughts/questions: 1. Presumably this could be used to transport packages/documents around a building, not merely for external deliveries - summon the robot using an app and dispatch it to a different location. For a large company with offices spanning multiple floors this might be a valuable service. 2. The robots shown in the video are pretty large, but I'm guess the bulk of deliveries will be small (meal, documents etc.) and so perhaps you should diversify the fleet size and have mainly smaller capacities with a few large ones? 3. I'm guessing that deliveries will often be bunched at certain times (e.g. lunch) which would stretch the fleet in a building assuming it takes, say, 10 mins to do a round trip. To address this, do you need some kind of storage locker at the entrance where deliveries can be deposited and the robots can automatically fill from and/or multiple drawers per robot to enable it to make several deliveries per trip up the lift? 4. What stage are you at in development and what is your timeline for implementing the first commercial projects?



chad demoss

6 months ago

So the elevators have to be reconfigured to communicate with the robot delivery machine? how much does this cost?



Bryan Johnson

7 months ago

Hello, What is the difference between Earth Robotics and Serve Robotics?




Cancel anytime before 48 hours before a rolling close or the offering end date.



We want you to succeed and get the most out of your money by offering rewards and memberships!


Your info is your info. We take pride in keeping it that way!


Invest in over 200 start-ups and collectibles!

With Regulation A+, a non-accredited investor can only invest a maximum of 10% of their annual income or 10% of their net worth per year, whichever is greater. There are no restrictions for accredited investors.

With Regulation Crowdfunding, non-accredited investors with an annual income or net worth less than $124,000, are limited to invest a maximum of 5% of the greater of those two amounts. For those with an annual income and net worth greater than $124,000, he/she is limited to investing 10% of the greater of the two amounts.

At the close of an offering, all investors whose funds have “cleared” by this time will be included in the disbursement. At this time, each investor will receive an email from StartEngine with their Countersigned Subscription Agreement, which will serve as their proof of purchase moving forward.

Please keep in mind that a company can conduct a series of “closes” or withdrawals of funds throughout the duration of the campaign. If you are included in that withdrawal period, you will be emailed your countersigned subscription agreement and proof of purchase immediately following that withdrawal.

StartEngine assists companies in raising capital, and once the offering is closed, we are no longer involved with whether the company chooses to list shares on a secondary market, or what occurs thereafter. Therefore, StartEngine has no control or insight into your investment after the close of the live offering. In addition, we are not permitted to provide financial advice. You may want to contact a financial professional to discuss possible investment outcomes.

For Regulation Crowdfunding, investors are able to cancel their investment at any point throughout the campaign up until 48 hours before the closing of the offering. Note: If the company does a rolling close, they will post an update to their current investors, giving them the opportunity to cancel during this timeframe. If you do not cancel within this 5-day timeframe, your funds will be invested in the company, and you will no longer be able to cancel the investment. If your funds show as ‘Invested’ on your account dashboard, your investment can no longer be canceled.

For Regulation A+, StartEngine allows for a four-hour cancelation period. Once the four-hour window has passed, it is up to each company to set their own cancelation policy. You may find the company’s cancelation policy in the company’s offering circular.

Once your investment is canceled, there is a 10-day clearing period (from the date your investment was submitted). After your funds have cleared the bank, you will receive your refund within 10 business days.

Refunds that are made through ACH payments can take up to 10 business days to clear. Unfortunately, we are at the mercy of the bank, but we will do everything we can to get you your refund as soon as possible. However, every investment needs to go through the clearing process in order to get sent back to the account associated with the investment.

Both Title III (Regulation Crowdfunding) and Title IV (Reg A+) help entrepreneurs crowdfund capital investments from unaccredited and accredited investors. The differences between these regulations are related to the investor limitations, the differing amounts of money companies are permitted to raise, and differing disclosure and filing requirements. To learn more about Regulation Crowdfunding, click here, and for Regulation A+, click here.


Get To Know Us

Our Team



Important Message

Unless indicated otherwise with respect to a particular issuer, all securities-related activity is conducted by regulated affiliates of StartEngine: StartEngine Capital, LLC, a funding portal registered here with the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and here as a member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), or StartEngine Primary, LLC, a broker-dealer registered with the SEC and FINRASIPC . You can review the background of our broker-dealer and our investment professionals on FINRA’s BrokerCheck here. StartEngine Secondary is an alternative trading system regulated by the SEC and operated by StartEngine Primary, LLC, a broker dealer registered with the SEC and FINRA. StartEngine Primary, LLC is a member of SIPC and explanatory brochures are available upon request by contacting SIPC at (202) 371-8300.

Investment opportunities posted and accessible through the site are of three types:

1) Regulation A offerings (JOBS Act Title IV; known as Regulation A+), which are offered to non-accredited and accredited investors alike. These offerings are made through StartEngine Primary, LLC (unless otherwise indicated). 2) Regulation D offerings (Rule 506(c)), which are offered only to accredited investors. These offerings are made through StartEngine Primary, LLC. 3) Regulation Crowdfunding offerings (JOBS Act Title III), which are offered to non-accredited and accredited investors alike. These offerings are made through StartEngine Capital, LLC. Some of these offerings are open to the general public, however there are important differences and risks.

Any securities offered on this website have not been recommended or approved by any federal or state securities commission or regulatory authority. StartEngine and its affiliates do not provide any investment advice or recommendation and do not provide any legal or tax advice with respect to any securities. All securities listed on this site are being offered by, and all information included on this site is the responsibility of, the applicable issuer of such securities. StartEngine does not verify the adequacy, accuracy or completeness of any information. Neither StartEngine nor any of its officers, directors, agents and employees makes any warranty, express or implied, of any kind whatsoever related to the adequacy, accuracy, or completeness of any information on this site or the use of information on this site. See additional general disclosures here.
By accessing this site and any pages on this site, you agree to be bound by our Terms of use and Privacy Policy, as may be amended from time to time without notice or liability.

Canadian Investors Investment opportunities posted and accessible through the site will not be offered to Canadian resident investors. Potential investors are strongly advised to consult their legal, tax and financial advisors before investing. The securities offered on this site are not offered in jurisdictions where public solicitation for offerings is not permitted; it is solely your responsibility to comply with the laws and regulations of your country of residence.

California Investors Only – Do Not Sell My Personal Information

(800-317-2200). StartEngine does not sell personal information. For all customer inquiries, please write to

StartEngine’s Reg A+ offering is made available through StartEngine Crowdfunding, Inc. This investment is speculative, illiquid, and involves a high degree of risk, including the possible loss of your entire investment. For more information about this offering, please view StartEngine’s offering circular and risk associated with this offering.

StartEngine Marketplace

The availability of company information does not indicate that the company has endorsed, supports, or otherwise participates with StartEngine.

None of the information displayed on or downloadable from (the 'Website') represents a recommendation, offer, or solicitation of an offer to buy or sell any security. It also does not constitute an offer to provide investment advice or service. StartEngine does not (1) make any recommendations or otherwise advise on the merits or advisability of a particular investment or transaction, or (2) assist in the determination of fair value of any security or investment, or (3) provide legal, tax, or transactional advisory services.

All investment opportunities are based on indicated interest from sellers and will need to be confirmed.

Investing in private company securities is not suitable for all investors. An investment in private company securities is highly speculative and involves a high degree of risk. It should only be considered a long-term investment. You must be prepared to withstand a total loss of your investment. Private company securities are also highly illiquid, and there is no guarantee that a market will develop for such securities. Each investment also carries its own specific risks, and you should complete your own independent due diligence regarding the investment. This includes obtaining additional information about the company, opinions, financial projections, and legal or other investment advice. Accordingly, investing in private company securities is appropriate only for those investors who can tolerate a high degree of risk and do not require a liquid investment.

StartEngine Marketplace (“SE Marketplace”) is a website operated by StartEngine Primary, LLC (“SE Primary”), a broker-dealer that is registered with the SEC and a member of FINRA and the SIPC. StartEngine Bulletin Board ("SE BB") is a bulletin board platform that advertises interest in shares of private companies that previously executed Reg CF or Reg A offerings. SE BB enables shareholders to communicate interest in potential sales of shares in private companies and investors to discover, review, and potentially invest in private companies. As a bulletin board platform, SE BB provides a venue for investors to access information about private company offerings and connect with potential sellers. SE BB is distinct and separate from StartEngine Secondary (“SE Secondary”), which is an SEC-registered Alternative Trading System (ATS) operated by SE Primary. SE Secondary facilitates the trading of securities by matching orders between buyers and sellers and facilitating executions of trades on the platform. While a security may be displayed on the bulletin board, these securities will be subject to certain restrictions which may prevent the ability to buy and sell these securities in a timely manner, if at all. Even if a security is qualified to be displayed on the bulletin board, there is no guarantee an active trading market for the securities will ever develop, or if developed, be maintained. You should assume that you may not be able to liquidate your investment for some time or be able to pledge these shares as collateral.